All-time French Open Venues
There are different opinions about venues of the French Closed Championships that was held from 1891 until 1924 and was the precursor of today's French Open. The source for the facts presented here is book "Tennis: a cultural history" by Heiner Gillmeister.
The tournament was opened only to French nationals and other players licensed with French tennis clubs. In 1925, the French Championships became open to all amateur players from all countries.
Île de Puteaux, Paris: 1891, 1893, 1895, 1897, 1899, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1907
The first French Closed Championships held on courts of the club of the Cercle des Sports de Île Puteaux. The club's ten sand grounds were situated on the island of Puteaux in the Seine near Bois de Boulogne.
Racing Club de France, Paris: 1892, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1910-1914, 1920-1924, 1926
Societe Athletique de la Villa Primrose, Bordeaux: 1909
Stade Francais, Saint Cloud: 1925, 1927
In 1925, French Championships became open to best foreign players and held on clay courts at Stade Francais in Saint Cloud Park, Paris.
In 1912-1914, 1920, 1921 and 1923 local courts were the venue of World Hard Court Championships, sometimes called another precursor to the French Open. It was tournament, which was opened to all nationalities unlike the French Closed Championships, and it was part of a series of three world championships.
Roland Garros, Paris: 1928 - present
Roland Garros Stadium was built in 1928, before France began the first Davis Cup defense against US Team. After sensation win over America in 1927, the French Tennis Federation and the Government combined efforts to release three hectares of land near the Porte dAuteuil and in 1928, new tennis stadium, named for Roland Garros, a pioneer aviator and World War I hero, became venue of the Davis Cup and French Open.
Now tennis complex consists of twenty courts, including three large-capacity arenas - Court Philippe Chatrier (formerly Court Central), Court Suzanne Lenglen (formerly Court A) and Court 1 with 3,800-seat capacity, which was opened in 1980.
Roland Garros Stadium Map
Court Philippe Chatrier
Court Philippe Chatrier was built in 1928 and it is the principal venue of the Roland Garros complex with a seating capacity of 14,840 (reduced from 15,166 in 2010 to accommodate new press boxes).
In May 2001, formerly simply known as Court Central, the arena was named to honour Philippe Chatrier (2 February 1926 - 22 June 2000), long-time president of the French Tennis Federation.
In 2008, Roland Garros stadium celebrated its 80 years anniversary and former stands A, B, C and D of the Court Philippe Chatrier were renamed in honour of the famous Musketeers of French tennis:
(stand A), Jean BOROTRA
(stand B), Rene LACOSTE
(stand C) and Henri COCHET
Traditionally the Court Philippe Chatrier has surface, called red clay which is made of crushed brick. It is the slowest court among the Grand Slam tournaments.
Court Suzanne Lenglen
Court Suzanne Lenglen is the second arena of Roland Garros. It was inaugurated in 1994 and, originally named "Court A", it later gained status as Court Suzanne Lenglen in honour to
, the French tennis star of the 1920s.
The stadium with a capacity of 10,068 spectators has red clay surface with an underground irrigation system, the first of its kind, to control moisture levels within its surface.
In 1994, two main stadiums were connected with walkway, that was called Allee Marcel Bernard, in honour the first French Open champion in Men's Singles after World War II.